After graduating from the Vaganova Ballet Academy (class of Yuri Umrikhin) in 1999 was admitted to the Mariinsky Theatre. Performed solo parts in the versions of ballets by Marius Petipa and Alexander Gorsky, ballets by George Balanchine (The Prodigal Son, Symphony in C, Rubies, Theme and Variations, Four Temperaments, Piano Concerto No. 2) and William Forsythe (In the Middle, Somewhat Elevated, Approximate Sonata, Steptext). Performer of Russian premieres of ballets by Bronislava Nijinska, Kenneth MacMillan, John Neumeier, Angelin Preljocaj. First performer of parts in the ballets of Pierre Lacotte, Alexei Ratmansky, Kirill Simonov, Alexey Miroshnichenko, Nikita Dmitrievsky, Noah D. Gelber. Participant of the projects "Diana Vishneva: Beauty in Motion" and "Diana Vishneva: Dialogues".
He made his debut as a choreographer in 2012 at the Mariinsky Theatre. Of the six performances staged by Anton Pimonov for his native stage, the ballet Violin Concerto No. 2 to music by Prokofiev won him the "Golden Mask" National Theatre Award in the nomination “Work of Ballet Master/Choreographer” (2017).
Performances for other theatres: Iberia to music by Debussy, In Tempo of Dreams to music by Prokofiev, Romeo and Juliet by Prokofiev — all at the Yakobson Ballet Theatre; The Moon Opposite to music by Adams in Ballet Moscow; Concert Dances to music by Stravinsky for the Perm State Ballet School, Marimba Dances to music by Rabinovich-Barakovsky at the Bavarian Ballet (Munich), Betrothal for Laughter to music by Poulenc, and Made in Bolshoi to music by Korolev at the Bolshoi Theatre of Russia (Moscow).
From 2017 to 2020, Anton Pimonov was the deputy artistic director to the Ural Ballet’s Vyacheslav Samodurov. Here, for the Yekaterinburg company, he staged, in particular, the Brahms Party ballet to music by Brahms (which is nominated for the "Golden Mask" Award in 2020) and is preparing a ballet to music by Desyatnikov. In summer 2021, the Ural Ballet will host the premiere of Korolev's The Little Humpbacked Horse — a co-production of Anton Pimonov and Vyacheslav Samodurov.